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The Mentoring Room - Ask the Working Pros

This is a Public Topic geared towards first-time filmmakers. Professional members of The D-Word will come by and answer your questions about documentary filmmaking.

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Marc Maurino
Fri 13 Jan 2006Link
thanks for the advice, doug, both on sennheiser and posting
etiquette. i guess i wanted to avoid the "man, that guy is posting
new questions every day" thing, so i post a dozen at once . . . looks
like i backed the wrong horse! i'll give it a few days and then
dribble questions in one at a time from now on. thank you for taking
the time, and have a great weekend!

Ben Kempas
Fri 20 Jan 2006Link
Georg - just email me with your account details and we'll sort out
your access problems. ben@d-word.com

Stephanie Vevers
Fri 20 Jan 2006Link
Marc,

The beachtek adapter is not needed with model MKE300 sennheiser
mic which already has a 1/8" connector.

If the mic you choose has a 3-pronged connector you do need the
beachtek adapter. It is a good device and I have used it a lot
with a Sony TRV900 camcorder. It also allows you to take a line
feed from pa and sound systems.
You would need a cable to go from the mic to the beechtek. A
short cable for ease of use.
A long cable for remote location from camera, if you need to tape
a panel discussion or pass mic around.
You have to be concerned about mic noise of course. Connections
and handling introduce noise. Headphones?

Try to review your footage as you go, learn from your mistakes.
don't zoom with impunity. do change shot setup or angle, rather
than stay in an poor one.
But don't wear out your tapes with viewing. Dump onto hard drives
or make vhs viewing dubs?
Hard drives are going to be an investment.
Start thinking about editing now.

B&H sells generic batteries too.

http://www.beachtek.com/dxa4.html to download info and
instructions if you need them.

THere are some good books out there,
Directing the Documentary, by Michael Rabiger, seems popular.

Marc Maurino
Sat 21 Jan 2006Link
Stephanie,
Thanks for taking the time to provide such a detailed and intelligent
response. The "review . . . learn . . . and dump" as you go advice is
really good. I have a spreadsheet form that I fill out after shooting
and I'm going to start logging as I go, as I anticipate shooting a few
hours a month for nine months, and don't want to wake up in september
with thirty hours staring at me! :)

I just had my first experience with the beachtek the other night,
borrowed a few shotgun mikes from the local cable access station (and
stands) and ran them into my beachtek, monitored it all on headphones.
good experience, and when I have a static environment, i think i'll
go with mikes on stands; but for more mobile shooting (or tighter
quarters) i think i'll go with Sennheiser. I really appreciate the
advice! Thanks for being so generous!

Marc Maurino
Sun 29 Jan 2006Link
quick question on ethics and doc filming--if you've got a good scene
going but your subjects are just a little too far apart (physically)
to both be in your frame, is it ethical/permissible/fair to ask them
to scoot closer to one another to fit into your frame? in this case,
it was a married couple discussing a budget, and i was crammed into
the corner of their dining room, and they were comfortable just
sitting a little closer and pushing their laptop over a little.
anyone have any thoughts on this? thanks in advance.

Doug Block
Sun 29 Jan 2006Link
sure, i've done that. had no great moral scruples, either. but,
shhhhh, don't tell anyone ;-)

Marc Maurino
Sun 29 Jan 2006Link
thanks, doug, we'll keep it our secret. :)

Deirdre Fishel
Sat 18 Feb 2006Link
Hi,

I just switched from using a SONY PD 150 camera with which I was
using only SONY DV cam tapes to a Panasonic DVX100B. B and H said
definitely start using the Panasonic tapes because you don't need DV
cam and they are much cheaper. But my SONY deck has only been used
with SONY DV cam tapes.

My friend and teacher Cynthia Wade said definitely stick with only
SONY DV cam tapes. Does anyone have any experience with this?

I know there are issues with drop outs when mixing tapes. But am
I now locked into the DV cam tapes? I'm about to start a long
project so with tapes and dubs I'll probably shoot minimum 300 tapes
so using the Panasonic mini DVs would represent about a $2700
saving. On the other hand I want to use the best tape and not have
problems with my deck.

Any help would be greatly appreciated!!!

D

Doug Block
Sat 18 Feb 2006Link
welcome, deirdre. we go way back, you know. i'm about to register
you into the d-word community. be sure cut and paste this question
there. many more working doc makers will see it there and you'll
definitely get answers. but i've heard over and over you should stick
to the same brand of tape stock and preferably the same as the
camera's manufacturer.

Didi Francis
Sat 18 Feb 2006Link
Hi there

Im in the process of coordinating a long distance endurance event in
Africa raising money for HIV/AIDS orphans in Africa. I am looking at
approaching documentary production companies to film the event.
However, I am unfamiliar with documentary companies and am looking
for advice on who to approach. In particular i need to approach a
company with expertise in sports, social issues and simultaneously
capture the beauty of Africa.. anyone with suggestions pls help! thanks

Erica Ginsberg
Sun 19 Feb 2006Link
Deirdre, do you have the option to dub from your new Panasonic camera
into the editing system? I wouldn't use Panasonic tapes in a Sony
deck. Not sure about using Sony tapes in a Panasonic camera, but I
am sure somebody around here will pipe up about that soon.

Doug Block
Sun 19 Feb 2006Link
Didi, I highly recommend you contact David Jammy or Harriet Gavshon
at Curious Pictures in Johannesburg. They're considered the top doc
producers in SA and are great to work with. Please say hi from me:

http://www.curious.co.za/

Didi Francis
Sun 19 Feb 2006Link
Thanks so much Doug, i will do so.

Didi

Ben Kempas
Sun 19 Feb 2006Link
Ask Don Edkins of Day Zero in Cape Town. He produced "Steps for the
Future", a series of films about life in Southern Africa in the
presence of HIV/AIDS.

http://dayzero.co.za/steps/

Didi Francis
Thu 23 Feb 2006Link
Thanks Ben, I will do so as well. Thanks for all the help, really
appreciate it.

Didi

Ross Williams
Tue 28 Mar 2006Link
I'm nearing the end of my production of my first documentary. And
I'm looking into clearing some songs to include in the festival
release. I'd like to get a Guster song (smaller band on the Warner
label) and I'd like the rights to cover a Talking Heads song, not
one of their big hits. (I've already got a band working on it.)

Does anybody have any experience doing this? I've read that it's
very diffucult to do, and it's easier to go through a music
clearance company. Does anybody have any advice on how to go about
this? Any music clearance company recommendations? Any guess at
how much this will cost me? I've got an extremely small budget.

Thanks guys.

Doug Block
Thu 30 Mar 2006Link
ross, it's tricky stuff and i'd consult an entertainment lawyer. most
do a free consult with the first call. a d-word member, denise ohio,
wrote a good article about music clearances:
http://www.holytoledo.com/clear_music.htm

Ross Williams
Thu 30 Mar 2006Link
Thanks Doug, this was the sort of site I've been looking for but
have been unable to find. And now that I've read it, man... what a
pain in the ass.

Doug Block
Fri 31 Mar 2006Link
you mean you thought making docs was EASY???

Ross Williams
Fri 31 Mar 2006Link
Never thought it was easy. But I enjoy the creative part of it.
This legal stuff makes my mind go numb. It's something I'm doing
completely on my own. So I'm just taking it kind of slow, learning
as I go, making sure I get it right the first time. Next time
around it'll be easier cause I'll have much better idea of what I'm
doing. And hopefully I'll have some partners to help me out.

Steve Holmes
Fri 31 Mar 2006Link
Ross: From the website of entertainment lawyer Mark Litwak:
http://www.marklitwak.com/faq/music.html. Do a search on his home
page for "music" and you might get some other answers. Good luck!

Cliff Knopnik
Tue 11 Apr 2006Link
Hi,

Can any Pros help point me into the right direction?

I'm planning out (writing script, gathering resources, etc.) a
documentary/drama and am interested in finding resources on what you
can / can't include in documentaries from existing works, and how to
go about purchasing licenses for copyrighted works. For example: How
do you include a news clip about current news? How do you get the
rights to include a clip from an old John Wayne movie, etc.

Thanks in advance for the help!

Cliff

Steve Holmes
Tue 11 Apr 2006Link
Cliff: It's a tricky area. You're wise to tread carefully. There's a
concept of "fair use" which says you can use *limited* copyrighted
material, if certain conditions are met, in a new work. Those
conditions include how big a percentage the copyrighted stuff will
be in the new project, how the use will affect the market for the
material you include and whether you're likely to make any money off
of the new work (as a doc maker, the answer to that last question is
probably "no").

It is a grey area. Your best bet is to hire an attorney who's
familiar with the subject. Lawyers for the Creative Arts does pro-
bono work, I believe. Other than that, check the U.S. Copyright
Office's page on fair use (http://www.copyright.gov/fls/fl102.html),
the Cornell Law School page
(http://www4.law.cornell.edu/uscode/html/uscode17/usc_sec_17_00000107
----000-.html) or see if entertainment lawyer Mark Litwak has
information on his site (http://www.marklitwak.com/resources/). As
the Copyright Office says, your safest bet is to get the OK from the
copyright owner, which generally isn't hard if it's a local station.
A John Wayne movie would be tougher.

Cliff Knopnik
Tue 11 Apr 2006Link
Thanks. I'll check down those avenues and see how much public
domain / original stuff I can use.

Any resources for licensing music that you would recommend? I would
like to use a Louis Armstrong song in the opening credits. Is there a
central company that can get this license or do I have to go directly
to whoever currently owns the rights to it?

Cliff

Steve Holmes
Tue 11 Apr 2006Link
BMI and ASCAP are the biggies. I'll bet they have websites.

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